Water Scarcity

Abstract:

Water Crisis

Main Article:

GLOBAL SITUATION:

 

  • Less than 3% of the world’s water is fresh – the rest is seawater and undrinkable.
  • Of this 3%, over 2.5% is frozen, locked up in Antarctica, the Arctic and glaciers, and not available to man.
  • Thus, humanity must rely on this 0.5% for all of man’s and ecosystem’s fresh water needs.

The Indian Situation

 

  • India has 16 % of the world’s population and 4% of its fresh water resources. 
  •  Groundwater is the major source of water in our country with 85% of the population dependent on it. 
  •  Groundwater water table declines 33 centimeters per year.
  • Fresh water (rain and snow)availability - 4,000 BCM , most of which returns to the seas via rivers.
  • Surface and ground water availability - 1,869 BCM, of which 40 % is not available.

Groundwater Consumption:

  •  92% - Agricultural
  •  5% - Industrial
  •  3% - Domestic

Surface water Consumption:

  •  89% - Agricultural
  •  2% - Industrial
  •  9% - Domestic

 

 

 


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Author:  admin
Posted On:  Thursday, 11 October, 2012 - 16:36

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