52. Selection and Employment

Chapter. 52. Selection and Employment
Kural - 511
Who good and evil scanning, ever makes the good his joy;
Such man of virtuous mood should king employ.
Meaning : He should be employed (by a king), whose nature leads him to choose the good, after having weighed both the evil and the good in any undertaking.
Kural - 512
Who swells the revenues, spreads plenty o'er the land,
Seeks out what hinders progress, his the workman's hand.
Meaning : Let him do (the king's) work who can enlarge the sources (of revenue), increase wealth and considerately prevent the accidents (which would destroy it).
Kural - 513
A loyal love with wisdom, clearness, mind from avarice free;
Who hath these four good gifts should ever trusted be.
Meaning : Let the choice (of a king) fall upon him who largely possesses these four things, love, knowledge, a clear mind and freedom from covetousness.
Kural - 514
Even when tests of every kind are multiplied,
Full many a man proves otherwise, by action tried!
Meaning : Even when (a king) has tried them in every possible way, there are many men who change, from the nature of the works (in which they may be employed).
Kural - 515
No specious fav'rite should the king's commission bear,
But he that knows, and work performs with patient care.
Meaning : (A king's) work can only be accomplished by a man of wisdom and patient endurance; it is not of a nature to be given to one from mere personal attachment.
Kural - 516
Let king first ask, 'Who shall the deed perform?' and 'What the deed?'
Of hour befitting both assured, let every work proceed.
Meaning : Let (a king) act, after having considered the agent (whom he is to employ), the deed (he desires to do), and the time which is suitable to it.
Kural - 517
'This man, this work shall thus work out,' let thoughtful king command;
Then leave the matter wholly in his servant's hand.
Meaning : After having considered, "this man can accomplish this, by these means", let (the king) leave with him the discharge of that duty.
Kural - 518
As each man's special aptitude is known,
Bid each man make that special work his own.
Meaning : Having considered what work a man is fit for, let (the king) employ him in that work.
Kural - 519
Fortune deserts the king who ill can bear,
Informal friendly ways of men his tolls who share.
Meaning : Prosperity will leave (the king) who doubts the friendship of the man who steadily labours in the discharge of his duties.
Kural - 520
Let king search out his servants' deeds each day;
When these do right, the world goes rightly on its way.
Meaning : Let a king daily examine the conduct of his servants; if they do not act crookedly, the world will not act crookedly.