56. The Cruel Sceptre

Chapter. 56. The Cruel Sceptre
Than one who plies the murderer's trade, more cruel is the king
Who all injustice works, his subjects harassing.
Meaning : The king who gives himself up to oppression and acts unjustly (towards his subjects) is more cruel than the man who leads the life of a murderer.
Kural - 552
As 'Give' the robber cries with lance uplift,
So kings with sceptred hand implore a gift.
Meaning : The request (for money) of him who holds the sceptre is like the word of a highway robber who stands with a weapon in hand and says "give up your wealth".
Kural - 553
Who makes no daily search for wrongs, nor justly rules, that king
Doth day by day his realm to ruin bring.
Meaning : The country of the king who does not daily examine into the wrongs done and distribute justice, will daily fall to ruin. .
Kural - 554
Whose rod from right deflects, who counsel doth refuse,
At once his wealth and people utterly shall lose.
Meaning :The king, who, without reflecting (on its evil consequences), perverts justice, will lose at once both his wealth and his subjects.
Kural - 555
His people's tears of sorrow past endurance, are not they
Sharp instruments to wear the monarch's wealth away?
Meaning : Will not the tears, shed by a people who cannot endure the oppression which they suffer (from their king), become a saw to waste away his wealth ?
Kural - 556
To rulers' rule stability is sceptre right;
When this is not, quenched is the rulers' light.
Meaning : Righteous government gives permanence to (the fame of) kings; without that their fame will have no endurance.
Kural - 557
As lack of rain to thirsty lands beneath,
Is lack of grace in kings to all that breathe
Meaning :As is the world without rain, so live a people whose king is without kindness.
Kural - 558
To poverty it adds a sharper sting,
To live beneath the sway of unjust king.
Meaning :Property gives more sorrow than poverty, to those who live under the sceptre of a king without justice.
Kural - 559
Where king from right deflecting, makes unrighteous gain,
The seasons change, the clouds pour down no rain.
Meaning :If the king acts contrary to justice, rain will become unseasonable, and the heavens will withhold their showers..
Kural - 560
Where guardian guardeth not, udder of kine grows dry,
And Brahmans' sacred lore will all forgotten lie.
Meaning :If the guardian (of the country) neglects to guard it, the produce of the cows will fail, and the men of six duties viz., the Brahmins will forget the vedas.