The term Anthropology has been derived from two Greek terms namely anthropos which means human and logos means study. Thus Anthropology is the study of human beings in its absoluteness.There are several branches of anthropology. These include the following:
Physical or biological Anthropology-This branch deals with the biological evolution of human beings and linkage of humans with their primate ancestors. Social Anthropology - This branch deals with the socio cultural developments of human race from their origin. Prehistoric Anthropology -This branch deals with bones, relics and artifacts dug up and tries to reconstruct the chronological sequence of history.Applied Anthropology -Social problems like birth control, labor unrest, juvenile delinquency, mortality rate are dealt with the help of information gathered from other fields. Linguistic Anthropology - the origin and evolution of all written as well as unwritten languages and dialects are being dealt under this branch
Scope in India:The job prospects for students of Anthropology are vast within India. The scope for being a research scholar always remains open. Anthropologists can also be hired by organizations like the UNESCO, UNICEF and WHO. Other jobs available for students of anthropology are teachers in colleges and universities, urban planners, tour guides, culture resource managers.
Scope in Abroad:Anthropology as a subject has far better scope in countries in the west. Anthropologists are hired in the west in the field of medicine, law, business and other professional institutions